Ried AUSSERER GRUND
Ried Ausserer Grund is located on a slope to the east of the small village. The vineyards are terraced with a southern orientation, although some parts also have a south-western aspect. The vineyards lie between roughly 310 and 380 metres above sea level. The substratum contains quartz-rich sandy gravels from the Hollabrunn-Mistelbach formation, which are extensively covered with loess. Loess is a calcareous rock dust that was blown here from the Alpine region during the cold phases of the Ice Age, at a time when vegetation on the forelands of the glaciers and river plains was sparse. Today, it forms a loamy, sandy and invariably calcareous soil with a well-balanced chemical and mineralogical composition and a good capacity for storing water. Vineyards are recorded at this location in both the Franziszeische Kataster (Austrian cadastral survey) from 1823 and the Administrativkarte 1:28,800 (administrative map, 1864–1881). They were already referred to as “Ausserer Grund” by this time.
Quellen: ÖWM, BFW-eBOD Digitale Bodenkarte, Riedenatlas Wagram 2021, M. Heinrich et al. 2009, GBA 2015: Blatt 39 Tulln, NÖ Atlas-Land Niederösterreich, www.familia-austria.at