The vineyards of Ried Berg lie at an elevation of approximatlely 190 to 230 metres. On the scarp, they are terraced and face south, south-east or south-west, on the plateau, however, they are flat. The very bottom of the substratum contains mostly calcareous sands, sometimes cemented into sandstones, or clay and silt from the former sea that existed here around 17 million years ago. These have been covered by lime-deficient to non-calcareous sandy gravels, indicating a former valley floor of the ancient Danube, and these are also found, covered by loess and black earth, in the substratum of the plateau. Loess is a calcareous rock dust (silt) that was blown here from the Alpine region during the cold phases of the Ice Age, at a time when vegetation was sparse. Today, it forms a loamy, sandy soil that is invariably calcareous, with a well-balanced chemical and mineralogical composition and a good capacity for storing water. The sloping location and the thermals mean that there is good ventilation, and the soil, with its loess content, is well suited to Grüner Veltliner, Sauvignon Blanc and Roter Veltliner. The vineyards are recorded in both the Franziszeische Kataster (Austrian cadastral survey) from 1822 and the Administrativkarte (administrative map, 1864–1881). The plots were referred to at the time as “Obere Berg Feld”, “Berg Feld” and “Unt. Plexenthal”. As the name suggests, this is a high-lying Ried with a view over Hippersdorf. It is said that at the time of the Turkish siege, you could see what was happening in Vienna from here.

Quellen: ÖWM, BFW-eBOD Digitale Bodenkarte, Riedenatlas Wagram 2021, M. Heinrich et al. 2009, GBA 2015: Blatt 39 Tulln, NÖ Atlas-Land Niederösterreich, www.familia-austria.at

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