The vineyards of Ried Doppel border with the western side of the village and vary in elevation between around 280 and 320 metres. They have a southern orientation, although some parts also face south-east. Sandy gravels from the Hollabrunn-Mistelbach formation are found at the surface in the substratum. In certain places. these are replaced by clayey silts. The eastern part of the Ried is characterised by loess, with a black earth soil on the surface. Loess is a calcareous rock dust (silt) that was blown here from the Alpine region during the cold phases of the Ice Age, at a time when vegetation was sparse. Today, it forms a loamy, sandy soil that is invariably calcareous, with a well-balanced chemical and mineralogical composition and a good capacity for storing water. The sandy gravels are approximately 8- to 10-million-year-old sedimentary deposits from the ancient Danube, which once flowed into the Vienna Basin, following a course to the north of the present-day river. The clayey silts are sedimentary deposits from dead-water zones in oxbow lakes. The upper area is ideal for Roter Veltliner, which thrives in medium heavy soils and breezy locations that are protected from frost. Vineyards are recorded at this location in both the Franziszeische Kataster (Austrian cadastral survey) from 1822 and the Administrativkarte (administrative map, 1864–1881). The name of today’s plot was already in use back then.

Source: ÖWM, BFW-eBOD Digitale Bodenkarte, Riedenatlas Wagram 2021, M. Heinrich et al. 2009, GBA 2015: Blatt 39 Tulln, NÖ Atlas-Land Niederösterreich, www.familia-austria.at

Quelle: www.riedenkarten.at


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