The vineyards of Ried Draxelgraben vary in elevation between around 240 and 330 metres, the terraced vineyards predominantly face south-east, although some also face east. The vines here grow on quartz-rich, sandy gravels from the Hollabrunn-Mistelbach formation. These were deposited some 8 to 10 million years ago by a former river, the ancient Danube. At that time, it flowed into the Vienna Basin, following a course to the north of today’s river. The sedimentary deposits are covered to a large extent by loess, which forms multiple layers in places. Loess is a calcareous rock dust (silt) that was blown here from the Alpine region during the cold phases of the Ice Age, at a time when vegetation was sparse. Today, it forms a loamy, sandy soil that is invariably calcareous, with a well-balanced chemical and mineralogical composition and a good capacity for storing water. The lower part of the Ried is well sheltered from northerly and westerly winds. Vineyards are recorded at this location in both the Franziszeische Kataster (Austrian cadastral survey) from 1822 and the Administrativkarte (administrative map, 1864–1881). The name of today’s plot was already in use back then. The name is believed to refer to the “twisting” sunken pathway that leads from the village up to the highest point on the mountain.
Source: ÖWM, BFW-eBOD Digitale Bodenkarte, Riedenatlas Wagram 2021, M. Heinrich et al. 2009, GBA 2015: Blatt 39 Tulln, NÖ Atlas-Land Niederösterreich, www.familia-austria.at