Ried Eisenhut is located on the ridge running south-east from the Eisenhut towards Großriedenthal. The vineyards lie at an elevation of roughly 280 to 350 metres. They have a north-eastern orientation, although some parts also face south-east and south. The substratum is made up of the sandy gravels and sands of the Hollabrunn-Mistelbach formation. It has a low lime content, but some of the gravels have been cemented into conglomerate. These gravels are approximately 8- to 10-million-year-old sedimentary deposits from the ancient Danube, which once flowed into the Vienna Basin, following a course much further north of the present-day river. In the eastern part of the Ried, the gravels are covered by thick loess deposits, which have formed multiple layers in places. Loess is a calcareous rock dust (silt) that was blown here from the Alpine region during the cold phases of the Ice Age, at a time when vegetation on the forelands of the glaciers and river plains was sparse. Exclusively south-facing, these slopes are very warm, and the loess makes them relatively meagre. As a result, conditions here are ideal for Riesling and Roter Veltliner. The vineyard is mentioned in the Franziszeische Kataster (Austrian cadastral survey) from 1823. The Ried’s name probably derives from the heavy, iron-rich layers of conglomerate (Eisen = “iron”), which used to be gathered and processed on the Hut (meaning “hill”) in the Middle Ages.

Source: ÖWM, BFW-eBOD Digitale Bodenkarte, Riedenatlas Wagram 2021, M. Heinrich et al. 2009, GBA 2015: Blatt 39 Tulln, NÖ Atlas-Land Niederösterreich, www.familia-austria.at

Quelle: www.riedenkarten.at


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