Ried Essenthal, the eastern part of which is terraced, lies at an elevation of around 280 to 310 metres. The vineyards predominantly face east, although some also face south-east. The soil is a black earth composed of loess, which provides a deep root depth. Loess is a calcareous rock dust (silt) that was blown here from the Alpine region during the cold phases of the Ice Age, at a time when vegetation on the forelands of the glaciers and river plains was sparse. Today, it forms a loamy, sandy and invariably calcareous soil with a well-balanced chemical and mineralogical composition and a good capacity for storing water. Vineyards are recorded in the eastern part of the Ried in both the Franziszeische Kataster (Austrian cadastral survey) from 1823 and the Administrativkarte (administrative map, 1864–1881). They were already referred to as “Essenthal” by this time. This name may have been derived from the fact that cattle used to graze in the valley.

Source: ÖWM, BFW-eBOD Digitale Bodenkarte, Riedenatlas Wagram 2021, M. Heinrich et al. 2009, GBA 2015: Blatt 39 Tulln, NÖ Atlas-Land Niederösterreich, www.familia-austria.at

Quelle: www.riedenkarten.at


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